1完结跨语言调用

2019-09-23 作者:yzc216.com官网   |   浏览(171)

目录:  一、什么是Thrift?    1) Thrift内部框架一瞥    2) 支持的数据传输格式、数据传输方式和服务模型    3) Thrift IDL  二、Thrift的官方网站在哪里?  三、在哪里下载?需要哪些组件的支持?  四、如何安装?  五、Golang、Java、Python、PHP之间通过Thrift实现跨语言调用    1) Golang 客户端和服务端的实现及交互    2) python 客户端的实现与golang 服务端的交互    3) php 客户端的实现与golang 服务端的交互    4) java 客户端的实现与golang 服务端的交互  六、扩展阅读  一、什么是Thrift  Thrift是一种可伸缩的跨语言服务的发展软件框架。它结合了功能强大的软件堆栈的代码生成引擎,以建设服务。  Thrift是facebook开发的,07年4月开放源代码,08年5月进入apache孵化器。创造Thrift是为了解决facebook系统中各系统间大数据量的传 输通信以及系统之间语言环境不同需要跨平台的特性。所以thrift可以支持多种程序语言,例如: C , Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, Erlang, Perl, Haskell, C#, Cocoa, JavaScript, Node.js, Smalltalk, and OCaml. (目前0.9.1版本已经开始支持golang语言)在多种不同的语言之间通信thrift可以作为二进制的高性能的通讯中间件,支持数据序列化和多种类型的RPC服务。  Thrift允许你定义一个简单的定义文件中的数据类型和服务接口。以作为输入文件,编译器生成代码用来方便地生成RPC客户端和服务器通信的无缝跨编程语言。简而言之,开发者只需准备一份thrift脚本,通过thrift code generator(像gcc那样输入一个命令)就能生成所要求的开发语言代码。  类似Thrift的工具,还有Avro、protocol buffer,但相对于Thrift来讲,都没有Thrift支持全面和使用广泛。  1) thrift内部框架一瞥  按照官方文档给出的整体框架,Thrift自下到上可以分为4层: ------------------------------------------- | Server | -- 服务器进程调度| (single-threaded, event-driven etc) | ------------------------------------------- | Processor | -- RPC接口处理函数分发,IDL定义接口的实现将挂接到这里面| (compiler generated) | ------------------------------------------- | Protocol | -- 协议| (JSON, compact etc) | ------------------------------------------- | Transport | -- 网络传输| (raw TCP, HTTP etc) | -------------------------------------------   Thrift实际上是实现了C/S模式,通过代码生成工具将接口定义文件生成服务器端和客户端代码,从而实现服务端和客户端跨语言的支持。用户在Thirft描述文件中声明自己的服务,这些服务经过编译后会生成相应语言的代码文件,然后用户实现服务(客户端调用服务,服务器端提服务)便可以了。其中protocol(协议层, 定义数据传输格式,可以为二进制或者XML等)和transport(传输层,定义数据传输方式,可以为TCP/IP传输,内存共享或者文件共享等)被用作运行时库。  2)支持的数据传输格式、数据传输方式和服务模型    支持的传输格式      TBinaryProtocol – 二进制格式.      TCompactProtocol – 压缩格式      TJSONProtocol – JSON格式      TSimpleJSONProtocol –提供JSON只写协议, 生成的文件很容易通过脚本语言解析。      TDebugProtocol – 使用易懂的可读的文本格式,以便于debug     支持的数据传输方式      TSocket -阻塞式socker      TFramedTransport – 以frame为单位进行传输,非阻塞式服务中使用。      TFileTransport – 以文件形式进行传输。      TMemoryTransport – 将内存用于I/O. java实现时内部实际使用了简单的ByteArrayOutputStream。      TZlibTransport – 使用zlib进行压缩, 与其他传输方式联合使用。当前无java实现。    支持的服务模型      TSimpleServer – 简单的单线程服务模型,常用于测试      TThreadPoolServer – 多线程服务模型,使用标准的阻塞式IO。      TNonblockingServer – 多线程服务模型,使用非阻塞式IO(需使用TFramedTransport数据传输方式)    3) Thrift IDL  Thrift定义一套IDL(Interface Definition Language)用于描述接口,通常后缀名为.thrift,通过thrift程序把.thrift文件导出成各种不一样的代码的协议定义。IDL支持的类型可以参考这里:  二、Thrift的官方网站在哪里?    三、在哪里下载?需要哪些组件的支持?  Thrift的官方下载地址在这里:  (现在官网打包后的0.9.1版本在make的时候会出各种问题,后文会介绍不建议使用官网提供的0.9.1包)  Thrift的安装依赖,以及相关语言支持所需要的库,以下是来自官方文档的介绍:    Basic requirements      A relatively POSIX-compliant *NIX system        Cygwin or MinGW can be used on Windows      g 4.2      boost 1.53.0      Runtime libraries for lex and yacc might be needed for the compiler.    Requirements for building from source      GNU build tools:        autoconf 2.65        automake 1.9        libtool 1.5.24      pkg-config autoconf macros       lex and yacc (developed primarily with flex and bison)      libssl-dev    Language requirements    These are only required if you choose to build the libraries for the given language      C         Boost 1.53.0        libevent (optional, to build the nonblocking server)        zlib       Java        Java 1.7        Apache Ant      C#: Mono 1.2.4 (and pkg-config to detect it) or Visual Studio 2005       Python 2.6 (including header files for extension modules)      PHP 5.0 (optionally including header files for extension modules)      Ruby 1.8        bundler gem      Erlang R12 (R11 works but not recommended)      Perl 5        Bit::Vector        Class::Accessor  四、如何安装?**    1) 安装依赖插件?

1 root@m1:/home/hadoop#sudo apt-get install libboost-dev libboost-test-dev libboost-program-options-dev libevent-dev automake libtool flex bison pkg-config g libssl-dev

    2) 安装最新版PHP5(因为后文会使用PHP来测试客户端与Golang服务端的交互)?

123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627 #先添加phpkeyroot@m2:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php5You are about to add the following PPA to your system:This branch follows latest PHP packages as maintained by me & rest of the Debian pkg-php team.You can get more information about the packages at https://sury.orgIf you need to stay with PHP 5.4 you can use the oldstable PHP repository:ppa:ondrej/php5-oldstableBUGS&FEATURES: This PPA now has a issue tracker: https://deb.sury.org/pages/bugreporting.htmlPLEASE READ: If you like my work and want to give me a little motivation, please consider donating: https://deb.sury.org/pages/donate.htmlMore info: https://launchpad.net/~ondrej/ archive/ubuntu/php5Press [ENTER] to continue or ctrl-c to cancel adding itgpg: 钥匙环‘/tmp/tmpZ7PZIy/secring.gpg’已建立gpg: 钥匙环‘/tmp/tmpZ7PZIy/pubring.gpg’已建立gpg: 下载密钥‘E5267A6C’,从 hkp 服务器 keyserver.ubuntu.comgpg: /tmp/tmpZ7PZIy/trustdb.gpg:建立了信任度数据库gpg: 密钥 E5267A6C:公钥“Launchpad PPA for Ondřej Surý”已导入gpg: 合计被处理的数量:1gpg: 已导入:1 OKroot@m2:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# apt-get updateroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# apt-get install php5-dev php5-cli phpunit

    3) 下载thirft0.9.1版本?

1234567891011 root@m2:/home/hadoop# git clone https://github.com/apache/thrift.git thrift-gitCloning into 'thrift-git'...remote: Counting objects: 37193, done.remote: Compressing objects: 100% (216/216), done.remote: Total 37193 (delta 319), reused 407 (delta 272)Receiving objects: 100% (37193/37193), 9.62 MiB | 50 KiB/s, done.Resolving deltas: 100% (25794/25794), done.root@m1:/home/hadoop#cd thrift-gitroot@m2:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# git checkout -b 0.9.1Switched to a new branch '0.9.1'

    4) 编译安装?

123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git#./bootstrap.shroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# ./configure --enable-thrift_protocol#下面是截取部分运行成功后的信息thrift 0.9.1Building C Library ......... : yesBuilding C Library .... : yesBuilding Java Library ........ : noBuilding C# Library .......... : noBuilding Python Library ...... : yesBuilding Ruby Library ........ : noBuilding Haskell Library ..... : noBuilding Perl Library ........ : noBuilding PHP Library ......... : yesBuilding Erlang Library ...... : noBuilding Go Library .......... : noBuilding D Library ........... : noC Library:Build TZlibTransport ...... : yesBuild TNonblockingServer .. : yesBuild TQTcpServer .... : noPython Library:Using Python .............. : /usr/bin/pythonPHP Library:Using php-config .......... : /usr/bin/php-configIf something is missing that you think should be present,please skim the output of configure to find the missingcomponent. Details are present in config.log.

    如果在安装Thrift时,不需要支持的扩展,可以在使用./configure的时候带上以下参数?

1 ./configure --without-php --without-ruby --without-haskell --without-python --without-perl

    继续安装这个时间会长一点?

12 root@m2:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# makeroot@m2:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# make install

    我们可以看到thrift已经安装完成,当前版本是0.9.1?

12 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git# thrift -versionThrift version 0.9.1

  五、Golang、Java、Python、PHP之间通过Thrift实现跨语言调用  在写代码之前,我们先来配置Thrift的协议库IDL文件:?

12345678910111213141516171819 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# vi idoall.org.thrift namespace go idoall.org.demonamespace java idoall.org.demonamespace php idoall.org.demonamespace py idoall.org.demostruct Student{1: i32 sid, 2: string sname,3: bool ssex=0,4: i16 sage,}const map<string,string> MAPCONSTANT = {'hello':'world', 'goodnight':'moon'}service idoallThrift { list<string> CallBack(1:i64 callTime, 2:string name, 3:map<string, string> paramMap),void put(1: Student s),}

  编译IDL文件,生成相关代码?

1234 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# thrift -r --gen go idoall.org.thrift root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# thrift -r --gen py idoall.org.thrift root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# thrift -r --gen php idoall.org.thrift root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# thrift -r --gen java idoall.org.thrift

  如果编译IDL的PHP包要生成server端代码,和其他语言不太一样,可以使用thrift --help查看使用说明,需要加上server选项,如下:?

1 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# thrift -r --gen php:server idoall.org.thrift

    1)Golang 客户端和服务端的实现及交互Golang1.3的安装,请参考这篇文章《ubuntu12.04 64bit基于源码安装golang1.3》,默认使用apt-get安装不是最新版。#安装golang的Thrift包:?

1 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# go get git.apache.org/thrift.git/lib/go/thrift

#将Thrift生成的开发库也复制到GOPATH中?

1 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial/gen-go/idoall $GOPATH/src

#编写go server端代码(后面的代码,我们都放在/home/hadoop/thrift_demo目录中进行演示)?

123 root@m1:/home/hadoop# mkdir thrift_demoroot@m1:/home/hadoop# cd thrift_demo/root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# vi s.go

?

123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445 package mainimport ("idoall/org/demo""fmt""git.apache.org/thrift.git/lib/go/thrift""os")const (NetworkAddr = "0.0.0.0:10086")type idoallThrift struct {}func (this *idoallThrift) CallBack(callTime int64, name string, paramMap map[string]string) (r []string, err error) {fmt.Println("-->from client Call:", callTime, name, paramMap)r = append(r, "key:" paramMap["a"] " value:" paramMap["b"])return}func (this *idoallThrift) Put(s *demo.Student) (err error){fmt.Printf("Stduent--->id: %dtname:%stsex:%ttage:%dn", s.Sid, s.Sname, s.Ssex, s.Sage)return nil}func main() {transportFactory := thrift.NewTFramedTransportFactory(thrift.NewTTransportFactoryprotocolFactory := thrift.NewTBinaryProtocolFactoryDefault()//protocolFactory := thrift.NewTCompactProtocolFactory()serverTransport, err := thrift.NewTServerSocket(NetworkAddr)if err != nil {fmt.Println("Error!", err)os.Exit(1)}handler := &idoallThrift{}processor := demo.NewIdoallThriftProcessorserver := thrift.NewTSimpleServer4(processor, serverTransport, transportFactory, protocolFactory)fmt.Println("thrift server in", NetworkAddr)server.Serve()}

#编写go client端代码?

1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526272829303132333435363738394041424344454647484950515253545556 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# vi c.gopackage mainimport ("idoall/org/demo""fmt""git.apache.org/thrift.git/lib/go/thrift""net""os""time""strconv")const (HOST = "127.0.0.1"PORT = "10086")func main() {startTime := currentTimeMillis()transportFactory := thrift.NewTFramedTransportFactory(thrift.NewTTransportFactoryprotocolFactory := thrift.NewTBinaryProtocolFactoryDefault()transport, err := thrift.NewTSocket(net.JoinHostPort(HOST, PORT))if err != nil {fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "error resolving address:", err)os.Exit(1)}useTransport := transportFactory.GetTransport(transport)client := demo.NewIdoallThriftClientFactory(useTransport, protocolFactory)if err := transport.Open(); err != nil {fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "Error opening socket to " HOST ":" PORT, " ", err)os.Exit(1)}defer transport.Close()for i := 0; i < 5; i {paramMap := make(map[string]string)paramMap["a"] = "idoall"paramMap["b"] = "org" strconv.Itoa(i 1)r1, _ := client.CallBack(time.Now().UnixNano() / 1000000, "go client", paramMap)fmt.Println("GOClient Call->", r1)}model := demo.Student{11,"student-idoall-go",true,20}client.Put(&model)endTime := currentTimeMillis()fmt.Printf( "本次调用用时:%d-%d=%d毫秒n",endTime,startTime, (endTime - startTime))}func currentTimeMillis() int64 {return time.Now().UnixNano() / 1000000}

#运行go服务端(可以看到服务端已经在监听本机的10086端口)?

12 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086

#运行go客户端?

12345678 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run c.goGOClient Call-> [key:idoall value:org1]GOClient Call-> [key:idoall value:org2]GOClient Call-> [key:idoall value:org3]GOClient Call-> [key:idoall value:org4]GOClient Call-> [key:idoall value:org5]本次调用用时:1408267333489-1408267333486=3毫秒root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo#

#查看go服务端,可以看到数据的交互?

12345678 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086-->from client Call: 1408267333487 go client map[a:idoall b:org1]-->from client Call: 1408267333487 go client map[a:idoall b:org2]-->from client Call: 1408267333488 go client map[b:org3 a:idoall]-->from client Call: 1408267333488 go client map[a:idoall b:org4]-->from client Call: 1408267333488 go client map[a:idoall b:org5]Stduent--->id: 11 name:student-idoall-go sex:true age:20

    2) python 客户端的实现与golang 服务端的交互#将python用到的Thrift包复制到thrift_demo里面?

12 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/py/build /home/hadoop/thrift_demo/libpyroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial/gen-py /home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-py

#编写python client代码?

123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# vi c.py#!/usr/bin/env python# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-import sys, glob, time,datetimesys.path.append('gen-py')sys.path.insert(0, glob.glob('libpy/lib.*')[0])from idoall.org.demo import idoallThriftfrom idoall.org.demo.ttypes import *from thrift import Thriftfrom thrift.transport import TSocketfrom thrift.transport import TTransportfrom thrift.protocol import TBinaryProtocoltry:startTime = time.time()*1000# Make sockettransport = TSocket.TSocket('127.0.0.1', 10086)# Framed is critical. Raw sockets are very slowtransport = TTransport.TFramedTransport(transport)# Wrap in a protocolprotocol = TBinaryProtocol.TBinaryProtocol(transport)# Create a client to use the protocol encoderclient = idoallThrift.Client# Connect!transport.open()for i in range(1,6):r = client.CallBack(time.time()*1000,"python client",{"a":"idoall","b":"org" strprint "PythonClient Call->%s" %u1 = Student() u1.sid=111u1.sname='student-idoall-python'u1.ssex=Falseu1.sage=200client.putendTime = time.time()*1000print "本次调用用时:%d-%d=%d毫秒" %(endTime,startTime, (endTime - startTime))# Close!transport.close()except Thrift.TException, tx:print 'ERROR:%s' % (tx.message)

#运行go服务端?

12 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086

#运行python客户端?

12345678 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# python c.py PythonClient Call->['key:idoall value:org1']PythonClient Call->['key:idoall value:org2']PythonClient Call->['key:idoall value:org3']PythonClient Call->['key:idoall value:org4']PythonClient Call->['key:idoall value:org5']本次调用用时:1408268651648-1408268651646=2毫秒root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo#

#查看go服务端,可以看到数据的交互?

12345678 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086-->from client Call: 1408268651646 python client map[b:org1 a:idoall]-->from client Call: 1408268651646 python client map[a:idoall b:org2]-->from client Call: 1408268651647 python client map[a:idoall b:org3]-->from client Call: 1408268651647 python client map[a:idoall b:org4]-->from client Call: 1408268651647 python client map[a:idoall b:org5]Stduent--->id: 111 name:student-idoall-python sex:false age:200

    3) php 客户端的实现与golang 服务端的交互#编译php的Thrift扩展?

12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# cd /home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# lsacinclude.m4 build config.h.in config.nice configure include ltmain.sh Makefile.global mkinstalldirs php_thrift_protocol.h thrift_protocol.laaclocal.m4 config.guess config.log config.status configure.in install-sh Makefile Makefile.objects modules php_thrift_protocol.loautom4te.cache config.h config.m4 config.sub config.w32 libtool Makefile.fragments missing php_thrift_protocol.cpp run-tests.phproot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# phpizeConfiguring for:PHP Api Version: 20121113Zend Module Api No: 20121212Zend Extension Api No: 220121212root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# ./configure##以下只给出部分输出信息checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grepchecking for egrep... /bin/grep -Echecking for a sed that does not truncate output... /bin/sedchecking for cc… ccconfig.status: creating config.hconfig.status: config.h is unchangedconfig.status: executing libtool commands#执行make命令后,我们可以看到扩展文件放到了/usr/lib/php5/20121212/目录root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# make && make installBuild complete.Don't forget to run 'make test'.Installing shared extensions: /usr/lib/php5/20121212/

#让PHP支持thrift,编辑php.ini文件,搜索extension_dir,然后在下面加上extension=thrift_protocol.so,保存退出。?

1234567 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# vi /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini; Directory in which the loadable extensions reside.; http://php.net/extension-dir; extension_dir = "./"; On windows:; extension_dir = "ext"extension=thrift_protocol.so

#重启php5-fpm?

1234 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# service php5-fpm restartphp5-fpm stop/waitingphp5-fpm start/running, process 16522root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol#

#将php用到的Thrift包复制到thrift_demo里面?

12345 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# mkdir -p /home/hadoop/thrift_demo/libphp/root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/* /home/hadoop/thrift_demo/libphp/root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/lib/Thrift /home/hadoop/thrift_demo/libphproot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial/gen-php /home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-phproot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/php/src/ext/thrift_protocol# cd /home/hadoop/thrift_demo

#编写php client端代码?

12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031323334353637383940414243444546474849505152535455 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# vi c.php<?php $startTime = getMillisecond();$GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'] = './libphp'; # 指定库目录,可以是绝对路径或是相对路径 require_once $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT'].'/Thrift/ClassLoader/ThriftClassLoader.php';use ThriftClassLoaderThriftClassLoader; use ThriftProtocolTBinaryProtocol; use ThriftTransportTSocket; use ThriftTransportTSocketPool; use ThriftTransportTFramedTransport; use ThriftTransportTBufferedTransport;$GEN_DIR = realpath(dirname(__FILE__)).'/gen-php';$loader = new ThriftClassLoader(); $loader->registerNamespace('Thrift', $GLOBALS['THRIFT_ROOT']); # 加载thrift $loader->registerDefinition('idoallorgdemo', $GEN_DIR); # 加载自己写的thrift文件编译的类文件和数据定义 $loader->register();$socket = new TSocket('127.0.0.1', 10086); # 建立socket $socket->setDebug; $framedSocket = new TFramedTransport($socket); #这个要和服务器使用的一致 $transport = $framedSocket; $protocol = new TBinaryProtocol($transport); # 这里也要和服务器使用的协议一致 $transport->open();$client= new idoallorgdemoidoallThriftClient($protocol); # 构造客户端for($i=1;$i<6;$i ){$item = array();$item["a"] = "idoall";$item["b"] = "org" $i;$result = $client->CallBack(getMillisecond(),"php client",$item); # 对服务器发起rpc调用 echo "PHPClient Call->".implode('',$result)."n";}$s = new idoallorgdemoStudent();$s->sid=1111;$s->sname="student-idoall-php";$s->ssex = false;$s->sage = 2000;$client->put($s);$endTime = getMillisecond();echo "本次调用用时:".$endTime."-".$startTime."=".($endTime-$startTime)."毫秒n";function getMillisecond() {list($t1, $t2) = explode(' ', microtime; return sprintf('%.0f', (floatval($t1) floatval($t2)) * 1000); }$transport->close(); # 关闭链接

#运行go服务端?

12 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086

#运行php客户端?

1234567 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# php c.php PHPClient Call->key:idoall value:1PHPClient Call->key:idoall value:2PHPClient Call->key:idoall value:3PHPClient Call->key:idoall value:4PHPClient Call->key:idoall value:5本次调用用时:1408268739277-1408268739269=8毫秒

#查看go服务端,可以看到数据的交互?

12345678 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086-->from client Call: 1408268739272 php client map[a:idoall b:1]-->from client Call: 1408268739273 php client map[a:idoall b:2]-->from client Call: 1408268739274 php client map[a:idoall b:3]-->from client Call: 1408268739275 php client map[a:idoall b:4]-->from client Call: 1408268739275 php client map[a:idoall b:5]Stduent--->id: 1111 name:student-idoall-php sex:false age:2000

    4) java 客户端的实现与golang 服务端的交互#安装maven项目管理工具?

1 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# apt-get install maven

#将java用到的Thrift包复制到thrift_demo里面?

123456 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/tutorial/gen-java .root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# cd gen-javaroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# mkdir -p src/main/javaroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# mkdir META-INFroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# mkdir libroot@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# cp -r /home/hadoop/thrift-git/lib/java/build/libthrift-0.9.1.jar ./lib/

#编写java client端代码?

1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526272829303132333435363738394041424344454647484950515253545556575859606162636465666768 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# vi idoall/org/demo/c.javapackage idoall.org.demo;import java.util.HashMap;import java.util.List;import java.util.Map;import org.apache.thrift.TException;import org.apache.thrift.protocol.TBinaryProtocol;import org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol;import org.apache.thrift.transport.TFramedTransport;import org.apache.thrift.transport.TSocket;import org.apache.thrift.transport.TTransport;import org.apache.thrift.transport.TTransportException;public class c {public static final String SERVER_IP = "m1";public static final int SERVER_PORT = 10086;public static final int TIMEOUT = 30000;/*** @param args*/public static void main(String[] args) {long startTime=System.currentTimeMillis(); //获取开始时间TTransport transport = null;try {transport = new TFramedTransport(new TSocket(SERVER_IP,SERVER_PORT, TIMEOUT));// 协议要和服务端一致TProtocol protocol = new TBinaryProtocol(transport);idoallThrift.Client client = new idoallThrift.Client(protocol);transport.open();for(int i=1;i<6;i ){Map<String,String> m = new HashMap<String,String>();m.put("a", "idoall");m.put("b", "org" i);List<String> result = client.CallBack(System.currentTimeMillis(),"java client",m);System.out.println("JAVAClient Call->" result);}Student s = new Student();s.sid=1111;s.sname="student-idoall-java";s.ssex = true;s.sage = 20000;client.put;long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();System.out.println("本次调用用时:" endTime "-" startTime "=" (endTime - startTime) "毫秒");} catch (TTransportException e) {e.printStackTrace();} catch (TException e) {e.printStackTrace();} finally {if (null != transport) {transport.close();}}}}

#配置jar包的MANIFEST文件?

1234 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# vi META-INF/MANIFEST.MFManifest-Version: 1.0Main-Class: idoall.org.demo.cClass-Path: lib/**.jar

#制作Maven的描述文件pom.xml?

12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031323334353637383940414243444546474849505152535455565758 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# vi pom.xml<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"><modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion><groupId>idoall.org.demo</groupId><artifactId>idoall.org.demo</artifactId><version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version><packaging>jar</packaging><name>idoall.org.demo</name><url>http://maven.apache.org</url><properties><project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding></properties><dependencies><dependency><groupId>junit</groupId><artifactId>junit</artifactId><version>3.8.1</version><scope>test</scope></dependency><dependency><groupId>org.apache.thrift</groupId><artifactId>libthrift</artifactId><version>0.9.1</version></dependency><dependency><groupId>org.slf4j</groupId><artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId><version>1.5.8</version></dependency></dependencies><build><plugins><plugin><artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId><configuration><archive><manifest><mainClass>idoall.org.demo.c</mainClass></manifest></archive><descriptorRefs><descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef></descriptorRefs></configuration></plugin><plugin><groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId><artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId><configuration><source>1.6</source><target>1.6</target></configuration></plugin></plugins></build></project>

#使用maven工具,将相关依赖打包到当前目录的target目录中,并生成idoall.org.demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-jar-with-dependencies.jar?

12345678910 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# mv idoall src/main/java/root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# mvn assembly:assembly#以下只给出部分提示信息[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------[INFO] Total time: 7.618s[INFO] Finished at: Sun Aug 17 09:36:48 CST 2014[INFO] Final Memory: 12M/29M[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

#运行go服务端?

12 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086

#运行打包后的java客户端?

1234567 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo/gen-java# java -jar target/idoall.org.demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT-jar-with-dependencies.jar JAVAClient Call->[key:idoall value:org1]JAVAClient Call->[key:idoall value:org2]JAVAClient Call->[key:idoall value:org3]JAVAClient Call->[key:idoall value:org4]JAVAClient Call->[key:idoall value:org5]本次调用用时:1408268973582-1408268973477=105毫秒

#查看go服务端,可以看到数据的交互?

12345678 root@m1:/home/hadoop/thrift_demo# go run s.gothrift server in 0.0.0.0:10086-->from client Call: 1408268973547 java client map[a:idoall b:org1]-->from client Call: 1408268973568 java client map[b:org2 a:idoall]-->from client Call: 1408268973568 java client map[b:org3 a:idoall]-->from client Call: 1408268973568 java client map[b:org4 a:idoall]-->from client Call: 1408268973569 java client map[b:org5 a:idoall]Stduent--->id: 1111 name:student-idoall-java sex:true age:20000

  六、扩展阅读  Golang通过Thrift框架完美实现跨语言调用  maven-assembly-plugin  Our own "Hello World!"  文章中使用的代码提供下载,在这里:, 但必须以超链接形式标明文章原始出处和作者信息及版权声明,谢谢合作!---------------------------------------

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